Medical Horizens

Professors Katalin Kariko and Drew Weissman will share the prize.
The technology was experimental before the pandemic, but has now been given to millions of people around the world to protect them against serious Covid-19.
The same mRNA technology is now being researched for other diseases, including cancer.
The Nobel Prize committee said: "The laureates contributed to the unprecedented rate of vaccine development during one of the greatest threats to human health in modern times."
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Surgeon origami crane training using laparoscopic clamps

Mastery of laparoscopic surgical techniques requires improved hand-eye coordination and spatial awareness skills [1]. Dry box (off-the-job) training is an important training tool to improve hand-eye coordination and spatial awareness skills. Suture and ligation training in a dry box is common and important [2]. Other basic techniques (e.g., grasping, lifting, pushing, pulling, pressing, and dissection) are a large part of laparoscopic surgery. However, no routine and effective training methods have been established.

However, no routine and effective training methods have been established. Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) was developed by the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons to teach standard cognitive and psychomotor skills to practitioners of laparoscopic surgery. The importance of standardization in training was recognized by the American Board of Surgery (ABS), which in 2008 made passing the FLS a requirement for obtaining certification in general surgery [3, 4].

A truely innovative way to get a standardized training technique.
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Dr. Goering, who did the mesh implant on my left side, used that technique. The only thing that went south was where he anchored it on the lower rear side.

I was already pretty torn up there from the cancer surgery that removed the tumor, my left kidney and part of my pancreas, so he had to improvise.

Man, the pain was excruciating. I had a deep, blue-black bruise on my lower left back the size of a tea cup plate for weeks.

To this day if I move the wrong way it still hurts.
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